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Cervical Health – improve your ods


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4 March 2014 Email This Post Email This Post Print This Post Print This Post

pap

Did you know that Cervical cancer is largely preventable and, if detected early, curable. Key to prevention is vaccination and early detection comes down to two tests: Pap and HPV Testing.

Cervical cancer is cancer that forms in the cervix, the lower, narrow part of the uterus that connects with the vagina and it is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). In 2013 here were approximately 12,000 new cases of cervical cancer and 4,000 deaths just in the US.

Pap and HPV Test

Pap looks at cells obtained from the cervix for abnormalities that may become cervical cancer if not treated appropriately. When anomalies are detected further testing and follow-up is needed. Usually a follow-up testing may include an HPV test to check for the presence of the types of HPV most likely to cause cancer and/or a biopsy of the cervix. There are more than 100 different kinds of HPV, and not all of them cause health problems. The Pap smear is not 100% accurate, and cervical cancer may be missed in a small number of cases. It could take years, if not decades, for abnormal cells to develop into cervical cancer, thus regular Pap smears should identify abnormal changes in time for treatment.

The conventional Pap sm

Regardless of what type of Pap test is used, a woman can also be tested for the presence of high-risk types of HPV, a process known as “Pap and HPV co-testing.” Co-testing is less likely to miss an abnormality than Pap testing alone.ear method cells scraped from the opening of the cervix were being placed onto a glass slide and examined under a microscope. Modern medicine introduced Liquid-based Pap testing, samples are now being placed in a liquid before the cells are deposited on a glass slide and examined under a microscope.

Vaccination for prevention

In the US there are two s approved by the FDA: Gardasil and Cervarix. These  vaccines, like any other vaccines, triggers the body to produce antibodies (disease-fighting substances) to protect against infection. both vaccines are effective in preventing cervical cancer caused by the two types of high-risk HPVs that cause about 70 percent of cervical cancers. Please note that neither vaccine will protect against the types of HPV that are not included in the vaccine, which can also cause some cancers, nor can the vaccines be used to treat HPV infections or cervical cancer

Gardasil is approved for use in females ages 9 through 26 for the prevention of cervical cancer as well as vulvar, vaginal and anal cancers and also genital warts. It is also approved for the prevention of genital warts and anal cancer in males ages 9 through 26. Cervarix is approved for use in females ages 9 to 25 for the prevention of cervical cancer.

 

Please remember that even  if you have been vaccinated, you should continue to get Pap tests as they are essential to detect cervical cancer and precancerous changes.




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