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Higher risk of developing heart disease in women consuming carbohydrates with high glycemic index

13 April 2010 Email This Post Email This Post Print This Post Print This Post

Heart on Blue BackgroundWomen consuming carbohydrates with high glycemic index are at risk of developing coronary heart disease, according to a report published in the Archives of Internal Medicine. The study also shows that men are not at risk, possibly because of sex-related differences in lipoprotein and glucose metabolism.

The study conducted by Sabina Sieri1 and colleagus examined 47749 Italian adults2 who completed dietary questionnaires and based on their responses the researchers calculated the glycemic loads of their diet, the average glycemic index of the foods consumed  and their overall carbohydrate intakes. After a 7.9 years period 463 participants3 developed coronary heart disease.

The study shown that 25% of women who consumed the most carbohydrates and had the highest glycemic load had a risk of heart disease twice as high as 25% of women who consumed the less carbohydrates . Also increased intake from high-glycemic index foods was significantly associated with greater risk of coronary heart disease.

1 – Sabina Sieri – Ph. D, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy
2 – 15171 man and 32758 women
3 – 305 men and 158 women

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